Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires personal
protective equipment (PPE) whenever employees are exposed to possible
hazards. Protective garments,
should be worn as needed to shield employees.
To comply with OSHA standards,
must be selected based on the potential hazards such as:
Splashes from chemicals or hot liquids
Impacts from tools, machinery, or vehicles
Handling contaminants, pesticides, or hazardous materials
To guard against bodily injury, OSHA requires
to fit properly, be comfortable to wear, and meet the standards developed
by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).
When to Use PPE and Safety Apparel
Laboratory and medical work often require special
or gowns to protect against contaminations. Many common maintenance tasks
also require the use of safety apparel,
high-visibility vests, etc. Painting or patching, working outside near roadways/traffic,
welding or working near fire/hot liquids, would all require safety
Types of Garments
Employees must be trained on the use of PPE; they should know when to use
it, how to properly put it on and take it off, and understand the limits
of protections. Safety garments should be properly cared for, maintained,
and laundered as needed.
should be used when painting, patching, spraying pesticides, or other
should be highly visible and be used when working outdoors or near
aprons and garments help protect against liquid or water splashes.
Fire retardant overalls and coveralls
should be provided when work exposes staff to flames or other thermal
sources. Flame resistant PPE apparel is designed to create a protective
barrier between the heat source and the body.
Chemical resistant apparel
provides vapor and splash protection. OSHA standards outline four levels
of chemical protection, A through D. A Personal Protective Equipment
rating at Level A offers the highest protection, while D is minimum
NOTE: This information is a summary interpretation and was prepared as
general reference material only. This summary is not authoritative as laws
can be amended over time. For specific compliance requirements and
updates, please refer to the actual code language and the statute or legal